Research

WORKING PAPERS

1. Civil Conflict, Domestic Violence and Intra-Household Bargaining in Post-Genocide Rwanda

(Accepted, Journal of Development Economics)

Link to paper (May 2015)

Abstract: This paper examines the long-term impact of civil conflict on domestic violence and intra-household bargaining using data from Rwanda. Women who married after the 1994 genocide experienced significantly increased domestic violence and decreased decision-making power relative to women who married before, and the effect was greater for women in localities with high genocide intensity. Additionally, exposure to ethnic violence reduced the total share of household expenditure allocated to education for families of women who were of marriageable age after the genocide relative to families of older women. Part of the effect of the genocide on domestic violence is driven by changes in the marriage market sex ratios across localities and over time, which were mainly induced by the conflict. These results suggest that, through changes in intra-household bargaining, civil conflicts may impair the well-being of women and children in the long-term.

2. Assisted Reproductive Technology and Women’s Choice to Pursue Professional Careers, with Sarah Kroeger

(Revise and resubmit)

Link to paper (February 2015)

Abstract: We examine the impact of assisted reproductive technology on women’s choice to pursue professional careers. We hypothesize that the availability of assisted reproductive technology increases the expected benefits of a professional degree by allowing women to delay childbearing in their 20s and 30s while establishing their careers, thereby reaping greater financial benefit from human capital investment. We exploit the state and time level variation in the enactment of insurance mandates to cover infertility treatments in employer sponsored health plans, as well as cohort variation in women’s age at the time the laws are passed. These insurance mandates dramatically increase access to assisted reproductive technology. Using a triple-difference strategy, we find that a mandate to cover assisted reproductive technology does increase the probability that a woman chooses to invest in a professional degree and to work in a professional career.

3. Misfits”, “Stars” and Immigrant Entrepreneurship, with Shulamit Kahn and Megan MacGarvie 

(Under review)

Draft available upon request (September 2015)

Abstract: Prior research has shown that immigrants are more likely than natives to become entrepreneurs, and that entrepreneurs are disproportionately drawn from the extremes of the wage distribution. Using a large panel of US-based scientists, we revisit these findings and establish four new facts about the relationship between ability and high-skilled immigrant entrepreneurship in the United States. First, we find that immigrants are over-represented only in science-based entrepreneurship. Second, after controlling for ability in paid employment as measured by wage residuals, immigrants still have a substantial advantage in science entrepreneurship relative to natives. Third, the previously established U-shaped relationship between ability and entrepreneurship exists only in non-science entrepreneurship; for science entrepreneurship, the relationship is increasing. Finally, the immigrant entrepreneurship premium is largest among immigrants who obtained their highest degrees abroad, or who come from non-English speaking countries and countries that are culturally dissimilar from the US.

WORK IN PROGRESS

4. Assortative Mating and Health Inequalities at Birth (with Osea Giuntella and Climent Quintana-Domeque

Presented at IHEA conference (Milan, July 2015) and SEA annual conference (New Orleans, November 2015).

Draft in preparation.

5. Domestic Violence and Childhood Exposure to Armed Conflict: Attitudes and Experiences (with Olga Shemyakina)

Presented by coauthor at HICN workshop (Toronto, November 2015), Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference (Milan, June 2016), WEA conference (Portland, July 2016)

Draft in preparation.

6. Female Managers and the Gender Wage-gap: Evidence from 3 Sub-Saharan African Countries (with Ahoure Alban, Assi Kimou and Gabriel Picone)

Presented at Unu-wider “Gender and development” workshop (University of Namur, November 2015)

Draft in preparation.