Wronged by Empire


“Dr. Miller has written an important book with significant implications for the study of modern India, China, and broader Asian and international relations. The clearly presented and sophisticated arguments focus on colonialism and its legacy in India and China . . . Whether or not specialists are persuaded by Dr. Miller’s thorough arguments, it seems clear that they will be debating her interesting and insightful analysis for some time to come.”

Robert SutterPacific Affairs

“This engaging book present an ingenious argument. The foreign policies of India and China [] are motivated at root by a Post-Imperial Ideology that underpins their obvious concern to maintain their territorial sovereignty and improve their status in world politics . . . This is [] a provocative book and one that demands the attention of scholars of both Indian and Chinese foreign policy”

Ian HallInternational Affairs

“By treating [post-imperial ideology] as an independent variable influencing the foreign policies of each country, Miller achieves far more than she would have done using standard international-relations theories, which often fail to take into consideration post-imperial trauma, or which lump India and China together under the category of ’emerging powers’ without accounting for their specific historical experience. The result is a fascinating and sympathetic explanation of the political psychology of two of Western imperialism’s most significant victims.”

Lanxin Xiang, Survival

“Manjari Chatterjee Miller’s erudite and timely book, Wronged by Empire, argues persuasively that trauma theory can be used to understand and explain developing nations’ foreign policy decision-making . . . Wronged by Empire is an important work that should be read widely, not only in the academic fields of international relations, political science, and Asian studies, but also by policymakers and businesspeople who seek to understand India and China, these two important rising powers in the world today.”

May-Lee ChaiAsian Affairs: An American Review

“Miller highlights the lasting impact of colonialism on a country’s international behavior. She elaborates on how India and China, which had different experiences of colonialism, respond to their colonial history in a similar fashion—as collective trauma . . . The book’s contributions are many, including its treatment of colonialism as an explanatory variable for international affairs, the development of a new analytical lens from the psychological theory of trauma, and the formation of a new framework for studying the two rising powers . . . Recommended.”

Z. ZhuChoice

“[Wronged by Empire] is an important contribution to the international relations literature for systematically treating colonial history as a causal value. Miller should also be commended for her work raises interesting questions for the future.”

Manjeet PardesiH-Net

“Professor Miller is certainly right to bring out the importance of the sense of victimisation in Indian and Chinese foreign policy and her book is an important contribution to modern political studies.”

Peter TowleThe Round Table

“In this book, Manjari Chatterji Miller uses new materials and innovative methodologies to argue that post-colonial memory is an independent variable which explains Mao’s decision to invade India in 1962, and the 2005 riots which accompanied PRC opposition to Japan’s membership on the U.N. Security Council…on all of these events and more, Miller has assembled rich, new, scholarly data of interest to those studying Chinese foreign policy.”

Edward FriedmanJournal of Chinese Political Science

“It is routine for experts on either India or China to assert that post-colonial nationalism matters in the foreign policies of these countries. But it is rare indeed to see that proposition systematically tested against the expectations of mainstream theories of international relations in a study of either country’s foreign policy, let alone both. Miller’s pathbreaking study is an important contribution to both international relations theory and Asian studies.”

Thomas J. Christensen, William P. Boswell Professor of World Politics of Peace and War and Director, China and the World Program, Princeton University.

“Wronged by Empire is a fascinating, innovative, and insightful study of the political psychology of Sino-Indian relations and of the roles of those two countries in the world. Using trauma theory from the field of psychology, Miller postulates the experience of colonial subjugation by Western powers as an explanatory variable fueling a drive for territorial maximization and international status.”

John W. Garver, Professor, the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology

“Manjari Miller’s Wronged by Empire provides a refreshing complement to the standard materialist readings of why China and India conduct themselves as they do: by making colonialism the pivot for explaining both their pervasive defensiveness and their conspicuous sense of entitlement, she reminds the international community that it cannot escape China and India’s past any more than they themselves can. A rich and rewarding book.”

Ashley J. Tellis, Senior Associate, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

“Focusing on the experience of India and China, Wronged by Empire argues that ideologies and beliefs drawn from transformative historical events such as colonialism influence the international relations of states. The book makes a convincing case on how the cognitive effects of colonialism have shaped a “post-imperial ideology” that emphasizes victimhood and entitlement and is a core driver of the international behavior of these countries, especially with regard to two goals: sovereignty and status.”

Devesh Kapur, Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania

Associate Professor of International Relations