Europe’s Crisis of Legitimacy:  Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone (in progress)

 Discursive Institutionalism Ideas and Discourse in Political Analysis Under contract with Oxford University Press (anticipated date of publication: 2016)

 Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy, co-edited with Mark Thatcher. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2013 (448pp)

Debating Political Identity and Legitimacy in the European Union. (Co-edited with Furio Cerutti and Sonia Lucarelli) London: Routledge, 2011 (214pp)

Democracy in Europe: The EU and National Polities. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. (317pp) [Translated into French and updated:  La Démocratie en Europe:  L’Union Européenne et les politiques nationals. Paris: La Découverte, 2010.]

*Named by the European Parliament and its President as one of the top one hundred books written on the European Union since its founding (Feb. 2015): ‘One Hundred Books on Europe to Remember’

Public Discourse and Welfare State Reform:  The Social Democratic Experience. Amsterdam: Mets & Schilt, 2005. (270pp) [Sponsored by the Forum Scholars for European Social Democracy: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Berlin; Karl Renner Institut, Vienna; Wiardi Beckman Stichting, Amsterdam]

Policy Change and Discourse in Europe. London: Routledge, 2005. [ed., with Claudio Radaelli] [pdf] (205pp)–and Symposium issue of West European Politics 27, no. 4 (March 2004)

The Futures of European Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. (356pp) [Chinese translation. Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press, 2010.]

Welfare and Work in the Open Economy, Volume I:  From Vulnerability to Competitiveness. (co-authored with Fritz W. Scharpf). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (424pp)

Welfare and Work in the Open Economy  Volume II:  Diverse Responses to Common Challenges. (co-edited with Fritz W. Scharpf). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (680pp)

From State to Market?  The Transformation of French Business and Government. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. (476pp)

Democratizing France: The Political and Administrative History of Decentralization. New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. (406pp)

*Special award (Mention d’Honneur), Gaston Defferre Prize Ceremony, Marseilles, May 1992

Refereed Journal Articles

“Reinterpreting the Rules ‘by Stealth’ in Times of Crisis:  The European Central Bank and the European Commission.” West European Politics:  ‘Europe’s Union in Crisis—Tested and Contested.’ Vol. 39, no. 5 (2016) 1032-1052

Power through, over and in ideas: Conceptualizing ideational power in discursive institutionalism.” Article for Symposium issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

“The Crisis of European Union Studies seen from the US:  EU Studies are ‘Widening’ and ‘Deepening’ even as EU Theories of Widening and Deepening are in crisis as a result of the EU’s crises,” Politique Européenne  50th anniversary issue on the state of EU Studies.

“The Roots of Neo-Liberal Resilience: Explaining Continuity and Change in Background Ideas in Europe’s Political Economy,” for the Symposium on ‘Background Ideas,’ British Journal of Politics and International Relations.

“Why are Neo-Liberal Ideas so Resilient in Europe’s Political Economy,” (with Mark Thatcher) Lead article in Forum with responses from Bob Jessop, Susan Fainstein, Christoph Scherrer, and Philip Cerny, Critical Policy Studies (2014)

“The Discursive Double Game of EMU Reform: The Clash of Titans between French White Knight and German Iron Lady” (with Amandine Crespy) Journal of European Public Policy vol. 21, no. 8 (2014): 1085-1101

* ECSA-Canada Best Paper Award (Ottawa, April 27-28, 2012)

“Speaking to the Markets or to the People? A Discursive Institutionalist Analysis of EU Leaders’ Discourse during the Eurozone Crisis,” British Journal of Politics and International Relations vol. 16, no. 1 (2014): 188-209.

* BJPIR Journal Prize for best article published in 2014

“Arguing about the Eurozone Crisis: A Discursive Institutionalist Analysis.” Critical Policy Studies Vol. 7, No. 4 (2013): 455–462

“The Political Sources of Italy’s Economic Problems: Between Opportunistic Political Leadership and Pragmatic Technocratic Leadership” (with Elizabetta Gualmini) Comparative European Politics (Symposium on “The Italian Transition within the European Framework”) vol. 11, no. 3 (2013): 360-382.

“Democracy and Legitimacy in the European Union Revisited:  Input, Output and  Throughput.” Political Studies, vol. 61, no. 1 (2013): 2-22.

“France’s Postwar Model from the State in Action to a State of Mind: A Review Essay of Philip Nord’s France’s New Deal.” French Politics 10 (2012): 196-208.

“A Curious Constructivism: A Response to Professor Bell.” British Journal of Political Science 42, no. 3 (2012): 705-713.

“European Elites’ Diverging Visions of the European Union: Diverging Differently Since the Economic Crisis and the Arab Spring?” in Euroscepticism within the EU Institutions: Diverging Views of Europe. eds. Olivier Costa and Nathalie Brack. London: Routledge, 2012.

“Speaking of Change: Why Discourse is Key to the Dynamics of Policy Transformation.” Critical Policy Studies 5, no. 2 (2011): 106-126.

The European Union’s Eurozone Crisis and What (not) to do about it.” Brown Journal of World Affairs 17, no. 1 (Fall/Winter 2010): 199-214.

“The Unfinished Architecture of Europe’s Economic Union.” Governance 23, no. 4 (2010): 555–559.

“Taking Ideas and Discourse Seriously: Explaining Change through Discursive Institutionalism as the Fourth New Institutionalism.” European Political Science Review 2, no. 1 (2010): 1-25. [Reprinted in Institutionalism II, edited by Guy Peters and Jon Pierre. SAGE Library of Political Science (2011)]

Selected Papers Available Online

Schmidt, Vivien A. “The ‘New’ EU Governance: “New” Intergovernmentalism versus ‘New’ Supranationalism plus ‘New’ Parliamentarism” Cahiers du CEVIPOL Brussels Working Papers 5/2016 (Brussels: Université Libre de Bruxelles, 2016)

“The Eurozone’s Crisis of Democratic Legitimacy:  Can the EU Rebuild Public Trust and Support for European Economic Integration?”  Report on “Political Economy of EMU: Rebuilding trust and support for economic integration” prepared for the Commission, Directorate General of Economics and Finance (DG ECFIN), in partial completion of the DG ECFIN Fellowship Initiative 2014-2015 (June 22, 2015).  Published online in DG ECFIN’s Economic Discussion Papers Series (Sept. 2015):

“Does Discourse Matter in the Politics of Building Social Pacts on Social Protection?  International Experiences.” Working Paper for Economic Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean of the United Nations—CEPAL, Santiago, Chile.  Social Policy Series 178 (June 2013).

  • Spanish version:  “Es importante el discurso en la política de construcción de pactos sobre protección social? Experiencias internacionales?”

“Analyzing Ideas and Tracing Discursive Interactions In Institutional Change: From Historical Institutionalism to Discursive Institutionalism.” Open Forum CES Paper Series #3. eds. Gregorz Ekiert and Andrew Martin.

Chapters in Books

“Changing the policies, politics, and processes of the eurozone in crisis: will this time be different?” Social Developments in the EU 2015 eds., David Natali and Bart Vanhercke Brussels: European Social Observatory (OSE) and European Trade Union Institute (ETUI), 2015.

“The Impact of European Integration on National Democracies:  Democracy at Increasing Risk in the Eurozone Crisis.” Chapter in:  “The Search For Europe:  Contrasting Approaches.” Madrid: BBVA Foundation (forthcoming 2015).

 “Discursive Institutionalism: The Scope and Power of Ideas and Discourse in Policy Analysis” in Handbook of Critical Policy Studies (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, forthcoming 2015).

 “Conceptualizing Change in Europe: Is Europe becoming a ‘Region-State’?” Chapter for Conceptualizing Change in Comparative Politics: New Writings on Polities, Peoples and Markets, eds., Tony Spanakos and Francisco Panizza (London: Routledge, forthcoming 2015)

“Contrasting American and French Approaches to Public Policy.” Co-authored chapter (with Peter Hall, Mark Thatcher, Claudio Radaelli) in Laurie Boussaguet, Sophie Jacquot, Pierre Muller, Pauline Ravinet (eds.) Une discipline en action. Où en sont les policy sciences en France ? (Paris: Presses de Sciences Po, 2015)

“Varieties of Capitalism: France’s State-Influenced Market Economy” in Oxford Handbook of French Politics. Eds. Robert Elgie, Amy Mazur, Emiliano Grossman, Andrew Appleton (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015)

“The Forgotten Problem of Democratic Legitimacy: ‘Governing by the Rules’ and ‘Ruling by the Numbers’ in The Future of the Euro co-edited by Matthias Matthijs and Mark Blyth. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015), pp. 90-114.

“Conclusion: Sense-Making, Politics, Ideas, and Discourses in Institutional Change” (with Susanna Borrás and Leonard Seabrooke) in Sources of National Institutional Competitiveness: Sensemaking and Institutional Change (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015).

Democracy in Europein Routledge Handbook of European Politics, ed. José Mangone (London: Routledge, 2015)

“EU Leaders’ Ideas and Discourse in the Eurozone Crisis: A Discursive Institutionalist Analysis,” in EU Foreign Policy through the Lens of Discourse Analysis: Making Sense of Diversity, eds. Caterina Carta and Jean-Frederic Morin. (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014)

“Comparative Institutionalisms” in Globalization, Europe, Multilateralism ed. Mario Telo. Global Erasmus Mundi PhD textbook (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2014).

“Theorizing Ideational Continuity: The Resilience of Neo-Liberal Ideas in Europe” (with Mark Thatcher) in Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy co-edited by Vivien A Schmidt and Mark Thatcher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

“The State: Bête Noire of Neo-Liberalism or its Greatest Conquest?” (with Cornelia Woll) in Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy co-edited by Vivien A Schmidt and Mark Thatcher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

State transformation in Italy and France: Technocratic versus political leadership on the road from non-liberalism to neo-liberalism” (with Elisabetta Gualmini) in Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy co-edited by Vivien A Schmidt and Mark Thatcher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

“Conclusion: Explaining the resilience of neo-liberalism and possible pathways out “(with Mark Thatcher) in Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy co-edited by Vivien A Schmidt and Mark Thatcher (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

“In the Light and the Shadow of the Single Currency: European Identity and Citizenship.” Chapter for The Single Currency and European Citizenship: Unveiling the Other Side of the Coin ed. Giovanni Moro (New York: Bloomsbury, 2013)

“The Europeanization of National Economies.” Revised chapter for second edition of Simon Bulmer and Christian Lequesne, eds. Member States and the European Union. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

“Discursive Institutionalism: Scope, Dynamics, and Philosophical Underpinnings.” The Argumentative Turn Revised: Public Policy as Communicative Practice. eds. Frank Fischer and John Forester. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

“The State and Political Economic Change: Beyond Rational Choice and Historical Institutionalism to Discursive Institutionalism,” State, Globalization and Multilateralism Ed., Mario Telò. (Berlin: Springer, 2012)

“What Happened to the State-Influenced Market Economies (SMEs)? France, Italy and Spain confront the Crisis as the Good, the Bad, and The Ugly.” The Consequences of the Global Financial Crisis: The Rhetoric of Reform and Regulation. eds. Graham Wilson and Wyn Grant. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

“Les Implications Politiques du Modèle Économique Italien,” La Transition Italienne dans le Cadre Européen eds. Jean-Michel De Waele, Mario Telo, Giulia Sandri and Luca Tomini (Bruxelles: Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 2012)

“Democracy and Legitimacy in the European Union” in Oxford Handbook of the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012)

“European Economy 1950 to 2010: The Miracle of Growth and the Sources of Wealth.” Completely revised chapter for third edition of Richard Sakwa and Anne Stevens (eds.) Contemporary Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave foundations, 2012)

“Varieties of Capitalism and the American Model.” Oxford Companion to American Politics (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2012).

“European Member-State Elites’ Diverging Visions of the European Union: Diverging Differently Since the Eurozone Crisis and the Libyan Intervention?” in Euroscepticism within the EU Institutions: Diverging Views of Europe eds. Nathalie Brack and Olivier Costa (London: Routledge, 2012)

Media Interviews, TV/Radio Appearances, Videos

“Greece’s Misery: A Fraternity in While Everyone gets Hazed?” Interview in BU TODAY,

Comment on Chancellor Merkel’s austerity policy on German TV news (ARD) show Bericht aus Berlin Feb 4, 2015:

Quoted in the Greek newspaper Kathimerini by Xenia Koumalaki on the Eurozone crisis (Nov. 6, 2014)–kata-twn-nt-kameron-kai-mateo-rentsi

Quoted in the Greek newspaper Kathimerini by Xenia Koumalaki on the Eurozone crisis and the role of Germany, Aug. 31, 2014

Interview in the Corriere della Sera by Lorenzo Salvia: “La ricetta di Vivien Schmidt: Stare nell’euro a queste condizioni è un’agonia.” Nov. 26, 2013. 

Policy Network article on Resilient Liberalism quoted at length by William Pfaff in Op-ed for the Chicago Tribune, Nov. 5, 2013–tms–wpfafftr–v-a20131105-20131105,0,7893432.column

Book launch and debate on Resilient Liberalism in Europe’s Political Economy with book contributors and commentators, University of Milan, Oct 11, 2013

Quoted by the Associated Press in “EU to Change Budget Calculation to Ease Austerity” by Juergen Baetz, Sept. 19, 2013.

Interview on the Eurozone Crisis, by the Crisis Observatory Eliamep, Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, Athens, Greece. Interviewed in July 2013, posted Sept. 19, 2013:

Three part interview on the Eurozone crisis, Boston University media services May 2013:

Interviewed on the announced UK referendum on membership in the EU by the Correio Brasiliense Jan. 24, 2013.

Quoted in Harvard Political Review in article by Krister Koskelo, “Europe: Between Technocracy and Democracy” Oct. 2012

Interview in EurActiv, the main French online news site on Europe « La Commission ne peut pas nier qu’elle fait de la politique » September 11, 2012.

Quoted in Social Europe, May 5, 2012, Jeremy Cliffe, “The Meaning of François Hollande

Quoted in the Boston Globe, May 8, 2012

WZBC Radio interview on the French Elections, May 5, 2012.

NPR Marketplace in the Morning: A short clip from my comments at a Brown Watson Institute Conference on the Eurozone Crisis. (April 27, 2012)

Interview with Mark Blyth on the Future of the Euro, Watson Institute, April 2012

China Radio International interview and roundtable on the French elections, April 18, 2012.

Quoted in op-ed in Sole 24: “Fiscal Compact: I Gironi che dividono l’Europe” by Giuliano Amato, Feb. 2, 2012

Complete List

Vivien A. Schmidt, August 2015 [pdf]