One of the “best papers” at this year’s Green Computing Workshop at SIGCOMM was Networking in the Long Emergency. This paper is well worth a read, perhaps after you’ve looked at the striking slide deck.
The paper is sort of a “coming of age” message for green networking: whereas most green networking papers have taken the general approach of “let’s see what percent of energy consumption we can save”, this paper starts by looking at why energy savings is so important. Once you start from that perspective, research goals become rather different.
One of the valuable parts of the paper is that it explicitly enumerates a large body of principles and example research questions.