I was interviewed on Thursday, May 25 by Sofia Pavannini of Nantes Euradio on legitimacy in Europe during the Eurozone crisis and Covid-19. I talked about my worry that at the start of the pandemic, when nothing was being done, that it was a déjà vu of the Eurozone crisis. But very quickly everything changed. The Commission invoked the escape clause so that states could spend as needed. The Next Generation EU plan wants to show that there is money for the next generation, for the ecological transition, for the digital transformation and also for inequalities. This is a new situation, but it is only temporary. Ultimately, the question is: will this become the new mode of governance of the European Union? Will this crisis be seen as the time to rethink the EU? This is the big question!
Below please see the final in the series of interviews I did for the International Institute for Peace in Vienna, focused on the Conference on the Future of Europe. The IIP asked experts to take a deeper look on the main challenges, domestically and internationally, for the European Union in the next four years. I focused my remarks on Europe’s crisis of legitimacy and how it can improve both democracy and legitimacy in the future.
I was interviewed recently by Spanish weekly Agenda Publica of El País. The topic of discussion was my book Europe’s Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers (Oxford University Press, 2020). Among other things, I discuss the concept of “legitimacy” as a prism that makes it possible to evaluate what happened in the field of political economy, politics and governance procedures. In my opinion, it is the best way to encompass everything and allows, as an external and internal observer, to examine how actors perceive themselves and try to legitimize and legitimize their policies.
Here is a link to the interview, in Spanish,
At the end of November, I did a long interview with Irene van der Linde for the Dutch weekly De Groene Amsterdammer. The piece (in Dutch) was published on January 6. Among other things, I discuss the shift in EU leadership in response to the coronavirus and how it marks a new, more promising direction for Europe.
I had the opportunity recently to discuss Europe’s Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone on Brown University’s Rhodes Center Podcast. The podcast was hosted by Mark Blyth, Rhodes Center Director and Professor of Political Science and International and Public Affairs. We discussed the subject of my book, namely, why the EU seems to have a constant legitimacy problem within its own membership what this means for Europe and the world. I also shared my concern that the issues of governing legitimacy revealed during the Eurozone crisis may rear their head again during the current COVID-19 crisis.
Listen to the full interview on SoundCloud:
On Monday, May 4, I participated in an interview with Sarah Wolff for the 1st episode of the NEXTEUK Virtual Seminar Series at Queen Mary University in London. In the interview, on the subject of European integration and the future of EU-UK relations in times of COVID-19, I talked about populism, lessons from the Eurozone crisis, the responses of the EU and member-states, and finally what the EU can do. Enjoy!
I was just interviewed for aa September 25, 2017 news segment on BloombergQuint on the recent elections in Germany, Angela Merkel’s victory, and her upcoming fourth term as Chancellor. You can watch the entire segment below:
— BloombergQuint (@BloombergQuint) September 25, 2017
I was asked the following questions recently by the Spanish national newspaper LA RAZÓN. See my responses below.
1. Could Macron´s labour reform be the reason for the failure of his legislation?
It could be. But if he does not do it, he will fail in his ambitions to make French grow again economically. And if he fails to bring about successful reform, he also loses out in his attempt to appear more ‘credible’ to Germany, so as to be able to get reforms of Eurozone governance and policy that will help all Eurozone members to do better.
2. Macron promised to renew French politics, would you say he is on the right path to it?
Macron has the best chance to renew French politics. Mixing policies deemed on the ‘right’ because they liberalize labor markets, increasing flexibility in hiring and firing, and on the ‘left’ because they provide new security for individual workers through unemployment insurance and retraining programs is an appropriate mix. It is key to get both sets of policies through, also in the interests of ‘social justice’, given the dualization of the French work-force that has ensured continuing high levels of unemployment (altho nowhere near the Spanish level) and youth who find themselves unemployed or in part=time or temporary work for much too long. The reality is that these reforms won’t do much in the short-term although they are likely to in the medium-term. But they are certain to raise business confidence immediately, which will get the economy going through more hiring and investment, help reduce unemployment, and make France again able to help lead in Europe.
3. Considering his majority in the government, will the opposition to Macron be on the streets?
Yes, the opposition will be on the streets. Here, the big question will be whether citizens support Macron or the protests. My guess is that they will support Macron, who has the legitimacy based on his clear statement that he would engage in these kinds of reforms, and his massive win in the Presidential elections and majority in the legislatives.
4. His predecessor, François Hollande, wanted to change European politics, will Macron be more successful?
Yes!!!!! There are big differences between Macron and Hollande, the ‘normal’ president who reversed his electoral promises almost immediately, who did little to challenge rules that didn’t work for France, other than to promote a discourse of ‘growth,’ and did very little to push for greater EU solidarity. Hollande had little credibility on the European stage, Macron already has a great deal, as a new phenomenon, having won election with an entirely new party, pledging to renew French and European politics.
Here is the link to the Spanish article, which was published yesterday.
On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome, the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation asked a number of academics and politicians how to keep the EU together. Is it time for more or less EU integration? What does the EU look like in 60 years? The answers recall the peace project Europe or advocate an EU integration of different speeds – see my contribution below!
Other comments can be found here.