An annotated bibliography of sources on the topic of:

Gay Marriage and Religious Freedom

compiled and annotated by Zack Edelstein
for the course CAS CC 204: Religion and Secularism in Spring 2015

Sepper, Elizabeth. “Doctoring Discrimination in the Same-Sex Marriage Debates.” Indiana Law Journal 89.2 (2014): 1-76. LexisNexisAcademic. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.

Outlines the religious freedom defense arguments of how same-sex marriage threatens religious freedom. How these defenders of religious freedom use conscientious objection to dispute accusations that religious freedom promotes sexual orientation discrimination. Also outlines anti-discrimination arguments and explains how MCP and unjustified uses of conscientious objection severely burdens same-sex couples.

Chapman, Kelly C. “Gay Rights, the Bible, and Public Accomodations: An Empirical Approach to Religious Exemptions for Holdout States.” Georgetown University Law Center Journal 100.5 (2012): 1-37. LexisNexisAcademic. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.

Gives statistical data about US states that value religion, which religious groups oppose same-sex marriage and provides court case examples of discrimination against same-sex couples. Outlines both side of the issue.

Carcamo, Cindy. “Gay rights activists in uproar over Arizona ‘religious freedom’ billGay rights activists in uproar over Arizona ‘religious freedom’ bill.” Los Angeles Times 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.

Gives information on current political debates between Democrats and Republicans over State Religious Freedom Restoration Acts.

Benard, Tara S., and Rob Lieber. “The High Price of Being a Gay Couple.” New York Times 3 Oct. 2009. Web. 23 Apr. 2015. <>.

Provides a survey of monetary expenses for same sex couples denial spousal benefits in both best and worst case scenarios.

Benitez v. North Coast Women’s Care Medical Group Inc. 44 Cal. 4th 1145; 189 P.3d 959; 81 Cal. Rptr. 3d CA. Supreme. Ct. 2008.

A California State Supreme Court case in which a lesbian couple sued a Women’s medical group when a doctor refused to perform an intrauterine fertilization on basis of his religious beliefs. The verdict of the court was ruled in favor of the plaintiffs.

The government official document of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993.

Quantitative analysis database.

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